Monday, December 5, 2016

A/V/N+ 거니와 - not only...but...

This pattern is similar with -는데 and in my personal opinion (since it is not mentioned anywhere in my books) it is similar with -ㄹ/을 뿐만 아니라.

It can be used with verbs, adjectives and nouns in all tenses.
The following clause cannot be imperative on propositive.

The correct syntax per tense is as follows:

PRESENT 거니와 (이)거니와
PAST 았거니와/었거니와 이었거니와/였거니와
FUTURE 겠거니와 이겠거니와

As mentioned already, this pattern is used when acknowledging a certain fact  on the preceding sentence and adding additional information on the following clause.

Off to some examples now!

그녀는 공부를 잘하거니와 일도 열심히 해서 인기가 많아요
She's not only good at studying but she's also working hard and therefore she's popular.

그녀는 얼굴도 예쁘거니와 마음도 착해서 인기가 최고예요.
She's not only pretty but also kind and that's why she's so popular.

그는일도 열시미 했거니와 운도 좋아서 하는 일마다 큰 성공을 거뒀어요.
Not only he was working hard but he was also lucky so no matter what he did he always succeeded.

Lastly this form can also be used with the following expressions to emphasize that a fact is acknowledged.  Could be translated somewhat to "to say it again..."

The expressions most commonly used (but not limited to) with it are:
다시 말하다, 다시 설명하다, 거듭 덧붙이다

거듭 덧붙이거니와 내일은 늦으시면 안 됩니다.
[Used to emphasize the fact that one should not be late the following day]

sources: 외국인을 위한 한국어 문법2, Korean Grammar in Use Advanced

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